Bhajana

Satsang and Soul

Duality

We live in a world of apparent duality. There is “I” and there are other people, objects, ideas and emotions. Time, space, causality and language all depend upon and relate to this world. Whilst every “thing” else changes, however, “I” who witnesses and knows all of these experiences remain the same.

This separation is grounded in our use of language. At the earliest age, we are taught to differentiate and “name” the things around us – “me”, the subject, and “something else”, the object. But these names are actually “attributes” and not things-in-themselves. We refer to a “golden ring” with “ring” as a separate noun but the ring is actually only a transient form of the gold – we should really call it “ringy gold.” Form is the “attribute” of the object and should be expressed as an adjective and not a noun.

But gold is only a particular and temporary configuration of protons, neutrons and electrons, so that it too is an adjective or attribute. Similarly, protons etc. are themselves made up of still smaller particles, called quarks. Ultimately, everything is only name and form of that fundamental reality which is changeless – the only noun which is not an attribute of something else.